amazing that tomorrow’s small fishing village ‘Gwadar’ is fast emerging
as a Deep Sea Port today. This is important to note that the Government
of Pakistan, keeping in view its utmost significance in the area,
has declared ‘Gwadar’ as a Duty Free Port and a Free Economic Zone.
This has not only enhanced its commercial worth manifold but has also
accelerated the pace of development to an incredible extent.
fact, Gwadar enjoys the status of a third Deep Sea Port of Pakistan
which has a special significance with reference to trade links with
Central Asian Countries, Persian Gulf, East Africa, United Arab
Emirates and North Western India.
by virtue of its finest location, development projects, recreation
programmes and Government’s special attention, will soon turn into
a city which will be comparable with cities like Singapore, Hong
Kong and Dubai.
view of the promising future of Gwadar, people from Pakistan and
abroad who believe in safe and sound investment, are taking keen
interest in Gwadar.
at the entrance of the Persian Gulf and about 460 kms from Karachi,
Gwadar has had immense Geostrategic significance on many accounts.
The continued unstable regional environment in the Persian Gulf
in particular as a result of the Iran/Iraq war, the Gulf war and
the emergence of the new Central Asian States has added to this
importance. Considering the Geo-economic imperative of the regional
changes, the ADB’s Ports Master Plan studies considered an alternate
to the Persian Gulf Ports to capture the transit trade of the Central
Asian Republic (CAR) as well as the trans-shipment trade of the
region. Both Karachi and PQA were considered for such development
but were found unattractive to major shipping lines due to the remoteness
from the main shipping routes, the limitations of draft for mother
ships and large bulk oil carriers and the comparative long turn
around times. The ADB studies, however considered Gwadar to have
the most advantageous location for such an alternative port in the
region, which could handle mother ships and large oil tankers in
due course. Keeping that aspect in view as well as the inherent
strategic and economic benefits that Gwadar Port offered, the transport
plan of the 8th Five Year Plan (1993-94) of Pakistan included the
development of Gwadar Port as an essential element of its aims and
objectives. Technical and financial feasibilities therefore were
under taken resulting in decisions for the development of Gwadar
Port by the Govt. of Pakistan. The Project started on 22 March 2002,
is on fast track and will Inshaullah complete in schedule time i.e
March 2005. In fact it would surprise many that with initiative
and calculated risk, we have received merchant ships since Jan 2003
and have been able to off load hundreds of tones of cargo imported
for the Project, thus saving precious time and money which otherwise
is required for transportation of the same cargo by road from Karachi/PQA
At A Glance
is the District Headquarter of Makran Division in Balochistan, the
largest province of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. It is situated
on the coastal line of Makran. Along the coastal line ,there are
four Tehsils including Gawadar, Jiwani, Kulanch and Ormara. Jiwani
is the only one on the western part of Gawadar, joining Iranian
border on Pakistani side. Kulanch and Ormara, on its eastern side
are connecting District Lasbela and to Karachi finally. The distance
between Gawadar and Karachi in this way, is around 715 km.
Importance Of Gawadar
is the hub of business not only for Gulf but also for rest of the
world including Europe, United States, Africa, China and Central
Asian States, simultaneously. The gulf region is facing many political
conflicts at the moment and huge disturbances in the current administrative
structure are expected in the coming years. In such a scenario,
a substitute of Dubai is essential to be located before the crisis
hits the finances of millions. The substitute shall be a nearest
point probably, to ensure continuous supply line of oil from Gulf
to the outer world. Fortunately, Gawadar proves to be the nearest
and infact more cost-effective substitute of Dubai, from many aspects.
is emerging as a super economic power of the world in the recent
years. Despite occupying a huge area of world's land, it doesn't
have any port of hot waters, which can be used the whole year. The
distance of Chinese industrial approach to the Shinghai port is
approximately 16000 km and the sea travel of 2-3 months is additional.
This costs them a lot in the form of taxes and duties as well. As
compared to this, Gawadar port is only on a distance of 2500 km
from China and the port is working for the whole year because of
the hot waters here. Therefore, the interest of China in the development
of Gawadar port is infact in the interest of Chinese economy.
central Asian states, after the independence from USSR, are trying
to develop their economies. These states are land locked and Karachi
was expected to provide them the services through Afghanistan. For
the purpose, a highway from Peshawar to Karachi was constructed
but due to Afghan crisis, this line couldn't be established. The
Afghan situation is till not clear, so, Gawadar being near to Iranian
border will provide port facilities to Central Asia as well.
Importance Of Gawadar
a population of 160000, the Gawadar Town on Makran Coast is now
set to become a hub of shipping, commercial and industrial activities.
Pakistan and China had signed a comprehensive agreement on March
16, 2002 at Beijing undertaking the task of construction of Gawadar
deep seaport of universal standards. The work on the first phase
of this mega project, which is being constructed by Chinese Harbor
Engineering Company, is now at full swing. The project is bound
to be a vital landmark in the economic development of the region.
The port comes as a much-needed national requirement in the wake
of the rise in cargo traffic at Keamari and Bin Qasim, which are
operating at full capacity. It is expected that Pakistan's maritime
traffic would rise by three folds by 2010. With the construction
of a third port, it is estimated that Pakistan will not only be
able to meet its own requirements of the future but also offer its
port facilities to the neighboring countries.
is now destined to be the most important upcoming coastal town located
on the inter junction of the three most strategically and economically
important regions of the world that are oil rich Middle East, South
Asia where one- fifth of world population lives and the Central
Asian Republics endowed with mineral wealth and an educated and
highly skilled and disciplined workforce.